One of Nigeria’s six geopolitical zones, the South East (sometimes hyphenated as the South-East), represents the country’s inland southeast both geographically and politically.
Five states make up this region: Abia, Anambra, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo. The zone is bordered on the west by the River Niger, on the south by the riverine Niger Delta, on the north by the level North Central, and on the east by the Cross River.
It is separated between the Guinean forest-savanna mosaic in the dry north and the Cross-Niger transition forest ecoregions in the south.
Culturally, the vast bulk of the zone is located in Igboland, which is the native cultural homeland of the Igbo people, the largest ethnic group in the southeastern region, accounting for over 90% of the region’s population.
The four main compass directions are known as the four cardinal directions, or cardinal points. They are north, east, south, and west, and are typically represented by the initials N, E, S, and W, respectively.
The directions east, south, and west are spaced 90 degrees apart from the direction north. People use the cardinal point system for telling direction to determine where locations are in relation to one another.
One set of directions used by people all around the world is the cardinal directions. North, South, East, and West are the four cardinal directions. The sun’s rising and setting serve as a point of reference for these instructions.
In the south east, there are four most cardinal regions;
Nsukka, Enugu State – University of Nigeria, Area;
Nigeria’s Enugu State is home to the town and Local Government Area of Nsukka. The towns of Edem, Opi, Ede-Oballa, and Obimo all border Nsukka.
For the University of Nigeria Campus and Nsukka Urban, respectively, the postal codes for the area are 410001 and 410002.
In the 18th and 19th centuries, Nsukka possessed one of the greatest fighting forces in what is now Enugu-North, which they used to wage war against their neighbors to expand their territory and for other reasons.
Nkpunano, Nru, and Ihe/owere are the three communities that make up the town of Nsukka.
The Ede-Oballa, Nsukka, Eha-Alumona, Okpuje, Opi-Agu, Edem, Umuabor, Opi, Opi-Agu, Okpaligbo, Okutu, Opkuje, Obukpa, and other communities are included in the Nsukka Local Government Area Council, which is located in the town of Nsukka.
According to local legend, the Nsukka people originated in Igalaland and were descended from one “Asadu,” a ruler of the Igala Kingdom.
The Nsukka urban community is one of Enugu State’s two major urban centers, albeit, according to the state administration. Its population is approximately 254,422.
The University of Nigeria, the country’s first indigenous university, was established in Nsukka Town by the late Dr. Nnamdi Azikiwe, who also served as Nigeria’s first president.
Currently, the town’s university is home to a variety of Federal Parastatals, including NABDA, CBSS, and the Energy Research Centre.
The Institution of Nigeria, which is modeled after the American educational system, is the country’s first fully autonomous and indigenous university. One of the top five colleges in Nigeria, it was the first land-grant institution in Africa.
The institution contains 102 academic departments and 15 faculties. The university provides 211 postgraduate programs in addition to 108 undergraduate programs.
If not for the COVID-19 pandemic, the university would have celebrated its 60th anniversary in October 2020 instead of its 50th anniversary in October 2010. Nsukka, a university town in southern Nigeria’s Enugu state. It is situated at a 1,300-foot elevation in the Udi Hills (396 m).
The Igbo (Ibo) population of the area produces yams, cassava (manioc), corn (maize), taro, pigeon peas, palm oil, and palm kernels, which are all traded in Nsukka.
Nsukka has a reputation for inspiring people’s creativity or providing the peace and quiet needed for contemplation.
The town is conveniently removed from society, making it a place of nostalgic solace where you won’t miss where you came from but instead take the time to meet a red-earth woman from the metropolis.
Their history, their food (Okpa is best served hot, di oku’ as the sellers affectionately refer to it, and of course, ayaraya ji, pigeon peas which are very healthy, are included in abacha – African salad. Ugba, fried fish, Kpomo, veggies, garden egg, and a natural taste are all included), their culture is what makes them unique.
Umudike – Michael Okpara University, Area, Umuahia, Abia State.
In the Ikwuano Local Government Area of Abia State, Nigeria, some 11 kilometers southeast of Umuahia, the state capital city, is Umudike, a semi-urban community. It is the location of the National Root Crops Research Institute and the Michael Okpara University of Agriculture.
The town is bordered by several nearby communities or villages with which it shares socio-cultural ethics and common ideas.
Umuariaga, Amaoba, Amawom, Nnono, Ndoro, and Ahuwa are some of these towns. About half of the students from Michael Okpara University are housed in these communities.
The town is well-known for hosting the well-attended “Ekpe” festival each January. Many tourists from neighboring states and even other nations come to this celebration.
Stephen Okpara The Federal Government of Nigeria founded University of Agriculture Umudike, formerly known as Federal University of Agriculture, Umudike, as a specialized university by Decree No. 48 of the second of November 1992.
The official activities started in May 1993 with the appointment of Professor Placid C. Njoku as the first Vice-Chancellor and Council, while other important university officials were appointed afterwards.
Professor Francis Ogbonnaya Otunta was succeeded as the sixth substantive Vice-Chancellor of the university by Professor Maduebibisi Ofo Iwe, a distinguished professor at the university’s Department of Food Science and Technology (FST).
He is a professor of food science technology and a former deputy vice chancellor for academics. On March 1, 2021, Tuesday, he took office.
The Umudike people are exceedingly kind, welcoming visitors, and showing respect for seniors by always addressing them as “dede.” You may see an enormous, circular building inside the National Root Crop Research Institute that houses the Research Library.
The Research Institute and Michael Okpara University of Agriculture Umudike are separated by a single wall. The Administrative Building is located inside the university and houses the vice chancellor’s and other offices.
Fertile land is spread out widely in Umudike. It is actually the center of agriculture in this town. It seems that the two Agricultural Institutes in Umudike, which are still in operation now, were established by white colonial people.
Uli – Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Area, Ihiala, Anambra State.
Uli, a town with significant historical significance, is located in the far southeast corner of the Nigerian state of Anambra, in the Ihiala local government area.
The towns of Amaofuo, Ihiala, Amorka, Bulu, Ozara, Egbuoma, and Ohakpu are those that are nearest to it.
The town of Uli stretches westward to the meeting of the Atamiri and Enyinja rivers and across Usham Lake to the lower Niger region.
The most comprehensive text on the history, way of life, culture, and traditions of the Uli people is the book URI History, Life, Culture & Custom of a People by Ichie (Sir) G.C. Okonkwo. Uli is where Anambra State University is situated.
The Okolie family, who continue to be significant figures in this community’s historical arc, is the vast ancestral tree from which Uli as a community may be traced.
Uli has also produced many prominent men and women including;
Engr. Fort Dike, Dr. ABC Orjiako, a business magnate,
Dr. Chinwoke Mbadinuju, a former governor of Anambra state,
Ichie (Sir) G.C. Okonkwo, an elder statesman and the author of the most thorough book on the history of the Uli people, “URI,”
popular musician Kingsley Chinweike Okonkwo, better known as Kcee, also came from Uli,
as Sir Henry Okolie-aboh, Igili ULI, the first CEO of Westfield Energy Resources Limited, also a subsea limited,
Christopher Ughason, also known as Akukalia (AKUHIENNE OF ULI),
Joseph C. Christopher, an author and motivational speaker who founded and served as CEO of Starocean Pacifics Nigeria Ltd. (Engine360), Igili ULI,
The reverend Rev. Fr. Obinna Chukwunyerenwa, also known as EGWU-MMUMUO,who is a prominent member of the Chukwunyerenwa family and the son of Sir Adol Chukwunyerenwa and many others.
Uli is a small, forward-thinking community with numerous sons and daughters living all over the globe.
The majority of Uli’s population are Christians of various denominations, however there are a few followers of the “Ndi Odinana” tradition of traditional African beliefs dispersed across the city.
Uli, a town in Anambra State, is home to Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, formerly known as Anambra State University.
The university’s main campus is situated in Uli, which once housed the Ekwenugo Okeke Polytechnic, also known as Anambra State Polytechnic. The second campus is situated in Igbariam, where the College of Agriculture had stood.
The State Polytechnic was phased down by the bill creating the university, and the institution inherited its assets and liabilities.
After a bill was approved by the Anambra State House of Assembly to honor politician and former Republic of Biafra leader Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu, the university was given its current name on September 11, 2014. The people are known for farming and other commercial ventures.
Ikwo Area – Ebonyi State.
In Ebonyi State, Ikwo is the largest Local Government Area. It is located in the state’s eastern region.
The city and local government area share a border with Cross River State, the Abakaliki, Izzi, and Ezza Local Government Areas, and has a land area of roughly 500 square kilometers.
It is where Chief Martin Elechi, a former governor of the state, was born and raised. The Alex Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo (FUNAI), one of the institutions of higher learning founded by president Goodluck Jonathan, is located in Ikwo.
Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo in Ndufu Echara, is also housed at Ikwo.Onu-Ebonyi Echara is home to the local government’s main office.
Ikwo and Cross River State share a border. Southeast Nigeria is home to a subgroup of the Igbo people known as the Ikwo.
The region is abundant in mineral resources, and over a thousand years ago, the ancestors of the current residents developed bronze-casting processes, some of which have been discovered in the town of Igbo Ukwu.
It is acknowledged that the early Igbo bronze, metal, and terra cotta craftspeople had some of the world’s best ingenuity and technical mastery. There are about 600,000 of them. The culture of the Ikwo people is very diverse. Family and community are highly valued.
Weddings and funerals are celebrated in grand style. A number of masquerades take part in these rituals. It’s typical to see dance groups. The majority of Igbo speakers in this area use the Ikwo dialect.
Based on the geography and our study, these are the Southeast’s most cardinal areas.